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Lion Hunting

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Trophy Animals

Find more bird species under our trophy animals

Wildebeest Hunting

The wildebeest or gnu, as it is also known, is one tough antelope when it comes to absorbing lead.

Bubye Valley

One of the Largest in Africa.

Mozambique Hunting Season

It's been 500 years since the first Europeans arrived in Mozambique. In 1498, six years after the discovery of America, the Portuguese landed in Mozambique and remained there for the ensuing half-millennium until granting Mozambique its independence in 1975. For two decades following independence this poor country experienced an often brutal civil war between two rival factions, one supported by Western interests, the other by Communist interests. Since the end of that war in 1992, Mozambique has been striving to once again become the great hunting destination it once was.

Mozambique Info Map

Mozambique is located on the Indian Ocean, and faces the island of Madagascar. It is bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Swaziland. In Mozambique the hunting areas comprise a large portion of the entire country. One of the hunting regions found near Beira (pronounced bay-ra), the second largest city, located in central Mozambique. The other hunting areas are found to the north and west, toward Tanzania and Zimbabwe, near the borders of these neighboring countries.

The hunting areas near Beira were those most hard hit by the civil war and today bear the scars of the turmoil. Poaching was particularly rampant in this region during the war and the animal populations suffered enormously. In these areas, animal densities are very uneven, especially in comparison with most other African countries. The habitat consists of green savannah, forest glades and dense forests in which hunting is very difficult.

The best hunting in Mozambique is found in the more remote areas, especially in the north near Tanzania and in the west, not far from Zimbabwe. These major hunting countries and the neighboring reserves or parks, such as Nyasa, ensure larger animal populations and diversity for Mozambique. Shrub savannah, dry savannah and dense forests form the habitat of these zones.

The wildlife in Mozambique includes a variety of species, of which antelope are the most numerous both in number and variety. Often regarded as the most beautiful of the antelope, the Sable Antelope (Hippotragus Niger) is found in virtually all hunting areas. There is also Nyala (Tragelaphus Angasi), Cape Eland (Taurotragus Oryx) and Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus Strepsiceros). Other species of antelope include Lichtenstein Hartebeest (Alclaphus Lichtensteini), Chobe Bushbuck (Tragelaphus Scriptus Ornatus), Southern Reedbuck (Redunca Arundinum), Common Waterbuck (Kobus Ellipsiprymnus), Common Duiker (Cephalophus Grimmia), Red Duiker (Cephalophus Rufilatus), Oribi (Ourebia Ourebi), Suni (Neotragus Moschatus), Warthog (Phacochoerus Aethiopicus) and Bushpig (Potamochoerus).

Crocodiles are also a hunted in Mozambique. They are abundant and often quite large. The main areas for Crocodile hunting are located on the Zambezi River and Lake Gahora Bassa. These areas are also good for Hippopotamus hunting. Hunting Elephant is legal in Mozambique. Elephants are normally abundant in the north and west of Mozambique, particularly in the areas bordering on Tanzania and Zimbabwe.

Lion hunting is done by calling or tracking and not by baiting unlike most countries in Eastern and Southern Africa. Leopards are also abundant in many areas in the North and West. Cape Buffalo (Syncerus Caffer Caffer) are found in all hunting areas, but their numbers vary in different areas. In the regions near Beira, Buffalo have been poached excessively and are difficult to find.

Hunting areas in Mozambique are open territories, not fenced. The average area is approximately 150,000 acres. Hunting in Mozambique begins in a 4x4 vehicle from the camps, then once in the bush, tracking on foot but sometimes done by tracking directly from the camps. In most areas the terrain is flat and the hunting is not very physically demanding. The hunting areas are rented and managed by the hunting outfitters who are usually French, white Zimbabwean, South African or less frequently Portuguese professional hunters.

The hunting areas near Beira are accessible only by road from Beira and the drive is on average 3 to 6 hours depending on the location of the area and road conditions. Hunting in the northern and western areas is accessible by plane and then by car starting from Maputo, the Mozambican capital, or from Beira. In Mozambique the hunting camps are permanent fixtures. The bungalows are comfortable and the food is good with plenty to eat.

The hunting season runs from May through end of September.

Climate in Mozambique

The climate varies in the different regions of the country, but generally the inland areas are slightly cooler, although more humid than along the coast in the rainy season. Winter is the dry season lasting from April to September, and is the best time to visit the country. The southern parts of the country are generally drier and less tropical than the north, with temperatures along the coast averaging 80D F (27D C). The rainy season coincides with the heat and humidity from October to March, with average coastal temperatures of 88D F (31D C).

Two main seasons, one wet and one dry, divide the climatic year. The wet season, from November through March, has monthly averages between 27D - 29D C (81 - 84D F), with cooler temperatures in the interior uplands. The dry season lasts from April to October and has June and July temperatures averaging 18D - 20D C (64 - 68D F). The average annual rainfall is greatest (about 142 cm / 56 in) over the western hills and the central areas, and lowest (30 cm / 12 in) in the southwest.

World Weather Online provides a very detailed look at current weather conditions, weather forecasts, a history and almanac for predicting average weather conditions during the time while you will be traveling in that part of the world. Click here for Mozambique's climate and temperature forecast.

Mozambique Hunting Season & When Hunting is Allowed

  • Hunting Season - May 1st to September 30th
  • There is no regulation controlling the number of days of a hunting safaris, if a minimum, it is set it is by the safari company.
  • There is no regulation controlling the number of species a client may take during a hunting safaris, if a minimum, it is set it is by the safari company.
  • The safari company controls the minimum number of days for a hunting safari based upon certain species being hunted. The safari company imposes their own guidelines as to the minimum number of days required to hunt certain species or combination of species.
  • Trophy hunting may take place within the hours of daylight during the hunting season.
  • Hunting is allowed at night with artificial light but only for the following species Lion, Leopard, Crocodile and Bushpig.
  • Hunting of female, young and/or immature animals is prohibited.
  • All animals are subject to quota availability.
  • Hunting from a vehicle is not permitted, though the vehicle can be used to reach the area from where hunting on foot can begin.
  • Shooting an animal from a vehicle is not permitted, a person actually needs to be 200 yards (183 meters) away from a vehicle to shoot an animal with the exception of hunting Crocodile from a boat.
  • Bow-hunting is permitted.

Mozambique defines two categories of land where hunting is permitted; hunting concessions known also as coutadas and game ranches.

You will find information about the bird hunting season in Mozambique near the bottom of this page.

Species to Hunt in Mozambique

Mozambique offers a wide variety of species for trophy hunting, including Elephant, Cape Buffalo, Lion, Leopard and Hippopotamus in addition to many other species.

As a member of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) Mozambique has a CITES quota for Elephants as well as for Leopard. Leopard trophies can be brought back into the United States, however note that the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service does not recognize the Elephant quota granted by CITES and it will not permit the importation of Elephant trophies from Mozambique into the United States.

MOZAMBIQUE Species to Hunt

These species may be available on the hunting license in the country; however they may not be available on quota anywhere in the country. Also individual hunting outfitters may or may not be given any quota or have any remaining licenses left for some species.

Some of these species may not be able to be imported back into your country of residence. You can find information on the importation of sport hunted trophies at the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service at Permits or the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) at www.cites.org.

Bird Species

(click on bird name for detailed info and pictures)

No official game bird hunting in Mozambique.

Shot Placement Guide for the Perfect Shot

Click here to visit our shot placement guide, the most comprehensive shot placement guide of African game online.

Bow-hunting in Mozambique

Bow-hunting in Mozambique is legal during the hunting season and this for many years. Bow-hunting is unrestricted and all species may be taken with a bow. This country offers tremendous opportunities for bow hunters however few operators have the experience to conduct bow-hunting safaris so careful selection of the hunting outfitter is important.

Mozambique does not have an additional bow qualification for professional hunters.

Importation of Bows & Arrows into Mozambique

It is legal for hunters to import bows for bow-hunting purposes into Mozambique and no import permit is required.

Minimum Equipment Requirements for Bow-hunting in Mozambique

Mozambique does not have any minimum equipment requirements for bow-hunting so common sense will apply or here below find the requirements for South Africa.

  • Big GameBow Kinetic Energy 80 ft/lbsArrow Weight 700 grain(Elephant, Rhino, Hippo, Buffalo)
  • Medium GameBow Kinetic Energy 70 ft/lbsArrow Weight 550 grain(Kudu, Eland, Oryx / Gemsbok, Hartebeest, Wildebeest, Zebra, Giraffe, Sable Antelope, Roan Antelope, Waterbuck, Tsessebe, etc.)
  • Small GameBow Kinetic Energy 40 ft/lbsArrow Weight 400 grain(Warthog, Nyala, Springbok, Impala, Blesbok, Duiker, Steenbok, Ostrich, Caracal, Black-Backed Jackal, Game Birds, etc.)

Minimum Equipment Requirements for Rifle Hunting in Mozambique

  • There is no minimum equipment requirement for rifle hunting in Mozambique.
  • Mozambique does not require a minimum energy (Eo - muzzle velocity) for calibers used.

Traveling with Firearms & Ammunition

Traveling to Africa usually requires taking at least a couple of different airlines as well as departing from several countries whose laws and regulations are constantly changing. And they all have their own rules, regulations and laws for which it is your responsibility to be aware and in compliance with all of them.

Permits & Importation of Firearms & Ammunition into Mozambique

The following section contains the basic information you will need to know.

  • Temporary importation of firearms and ammunition into Mozambique is NOT free of charge, please check with your outfitter or the as to the current charges, as they are based upon number of rifles, days of hunt and type of hunting safari. The process is usually quick and easy.
  • Your hunting outfitter will send you a form to fill out and return to them so they can arrange for your firearms and ammunition temporary import/export permits months prior to your arrival as required by the government of Mozambique, specifically the Ministry of Interior. This permit will be based upon the firearm information you provide to your outfitter so it is very important that you carefully consider which firearms you will be bringing with you, as once you have submitted the form you will not be able to change your mind. It is very important that all weapons serial numbers be exactly the same when you arrive as what was issued on your import/export permit. Last minute changes of mind cause more problems regarding gun permits than any other reason. Exact number of ammunition is also important.
  • Once the temporary importation of firearms and ammunition has been granted, the hunting outfitter will apply for a tax exemption with custom officials based on your port of entry so you do not have to pay import duties upon entry into Mozambique.
  • There is a limit of four firearms per hunter that may be imported into Mozambique for trophy hunting purposes. However if traveling through South Africa a maximum of two firearms are allowed even if you are just in transit. Some European countries also have greater limitation than Botswana as to the number of firearms which can be brought into their country even while in transit.
  • A maximum of forty (40) rounds of ammunition may be imported per hunting rifle, two hundred (200) shells of ammunition per shotgun and fifty (50) rounds of ammunition per handgun, however you may encounter greater restrictions from the airline(s) you are traveling on or country you are departing from or other countries you may be visiting or transiting through. Importation of ammunition into Botswana is subject to a 10% Government Value Added Tax (VAT) so make sure to bring only what is necessary for your hunting safari.
  • Only ammunition for the specific caliber(s) you are bringing may be imported.
  • No automatic, semi-automatic firearms are allowed. Semi-automatic shotguns are allowed.
  • No weapons which fall under military categories such as .308 Winchester (7.62x51mm NATO), please check with your outfitter if you have a questionable caliber.
  • Handguns are allowed for hunting purposes. A special permit which the safari operator must apply for prior to the start of the hunt can be requested with the Ministry of Interior. This special handgun permit comes at a cost.

Mozambique Professional Hunters Association

There is no Professional Hunters Association in Mozambique.

Mozambique Hunting Permits & Licenses

The wildlife department and the government of Mozambique allocates quotas by species to each hunting concessions known also as coutadas and game ranches on an individual basis.

Your hunting license and permit will be applied for and obtained by your hunting outfitter well prior to your arrival, please check with your outfitter as to the current charges or if the cost of this paperwork is already included in the price of your hunt.

The following is required regarding permits for trophy hunting in Mozambique:

  • There is no regulation controlling the number of days of a hunting safaris, if a minimum, it is set it is by the safari company.
  • There is no regulation controlling the number of species a client may take during a hunting safaris, if a minimum, it is set it is by the safari company.
  • The safari company controls the minimum number of days for a hunting safari based upon certain species being hunted. The safari company imposes their own guidelines as to the minimum number of days required to hunt certain species or combination of species.
  • Clients are only permitted to hunt animals for which a license is issued.
  • All animals are subject to quota availability.
  • Permits must be issued prior to the hunt commencing.
  • A separate permit must be issued for each individual hunting client.
  • A licensed and registered professional hunter in Mozambique must conduct all hunting.
  • The hunting licenses must be in possession of the hunting party at all time while hunting.
  • Problem Animal Control hunts, also known as PAC hunts, in Mozambique are prohibited.
  • Clients are expected to abide by all Wildlife Hunting Regulations in Mozambique.

CITIES Permits & U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service

The importation of some individual sport hunted trophies requires a CITES permit (i.e. African Elephant, White Rhinoceros and Leopard to name a few), you will need to submit an application to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service if you are planning to import any of the species on their list. You can download the CITIES permit application forms by clicking here. CITES stands for Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, visit their web site at www.cites.org.


The use of Camouflage clothing is allowed in Mozambique during the actual hunt. However we would advise that it only be worn during your hunt and not in town or for travel. For excellent quality camouflage, you need look no further than KUIU

How to Get There

A majority of international hunting clients will fly directly from their country of origin into South Africa on a major international airline, many of which offer a route to Johannesburg (Tambo International Airport - JNB). This route then require a short flight to get to Mozambique's capital Maputo.

International Airport in Mozambique

  • City: Maputo - capital of Mozambique
    Maputo International Airport
    Airport Code MPM
    Located 2 miles (3 km) northwest of the city center of Maputo

Major Airlines Flying into Mozambique

Visa & Travel Documents

All foreigners must be in possession of a passport that will remain valid for at least six months after the intended date of departure from Mozambique as well as a round trip airline ticket.

Visa Applications need to be submitted at least 3 (three) months before intended departure date for Mozambique.

The following link here gives details for the Mozambique Visa Application for both USA and Non-USA passport holders

For ease of entry Bruce Watson Safaris will organise your rifle permits ahead of time. If this is required, please ensure that you send:

  • a passport photo.
  • copy of the main page in your passport.
  • all rifle details including serial number, calibre, make and model, aswell as the exact amount of ammunition you will bring for each weapon.

A great resource with free information is Travel Document System (TDS) at www.traveldocs.com . If you are in need of a visa, Travel Document System is nationally recognized as a leading authority in the field of international Travel Documents. Travelers are quite often not sure of the specific requirements or documentation required to enter into a foreign country. TDS helps international travelers easily understand what is specifically required of them in order to gain passage into another country and provides visa services for U.S. citizens to most countries for which an entry visa is required.

Traveler's Health & Immunizations

No vaccinations or International Health Certificate are required to enter Mozambique, however we suggest that you visit the Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) for their recommendations for travel in Mozambique.

CDC recommends that you see a health-care provider who specializes in Travel Medicine. Find a travel medicine clinic near you by clicking here. If you have a medical condition, you should also share your travel plans with any doctors you are currently seeing for other medical reasons.

Recommended Vaccinations Include:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Typhoid
  • Rabies
  • Routine vaccination if you are not up-to-date including Influenza, Polio, MMR (measles/mumps/rubella) and DPT (diphtheria/pertussis/tetanus)

Malaria prophylactics medication is highly recommended and should be considered as mandatory, however we suggest that you visit the Center for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) for their recommendations for travel in Mozambique as mosquitoes in this country are resistant to some antimalarial drugs.

The CDC is most credible online resource for up to date health information. Click here to visit the section dedicated to Traveler's Health specific to Mozambique. Information about vaccinations, diseases, prevention, tips and much more can be found here.


Malaria Map of Mozambique

Click HERE to enlarge Mozambique malaria map.

Malaria Maps Of Africa

Malaria Maps of Africa

Click HERE for Africa malaria maps, distribution model, endemic / epidemic risk areas, duration of malaria transmission season and duration of malaria transmission season.


This extensive packing list is very complete and should be used as a guide to help you with your preparation. Adapt this list according to your preferences, weather and length of your trip, etc.

Safari hunting wear should be comfortably fitting and made of a sturdy fabric. Laundry is done on a daily basis so packing should be done with this in mind. The color of your hunting clothes from hats to boots including your backpack should be green, brown, khaki, olive, or neutral. Avoid light shades of any color and clothing that makes noise. Depending upon the time of the year, darker colored clothing might be recommended.

I recommend layering clothing since temperature changes from dawn to dusk can be significant in Mozambique depending on time of year. The average temperature for Mozambique is around 28 degrees Celsius (82° Fahrenheit). You should test your layers before your trip, your outer layer should fit easily over the inside one(s) without binding and bunching up. Do not bring clothing items that you are very fond of, the African bush is unforgiving. Should you be traveling during the rainy season it is best to have at least some fast drying synthetic clothing that maintains its warmth when wet.

  • Long pants, pants should be comfortably fitting and made of a sturdy fabric, the thicker and tighter the weave the stronger and more impenetrable to thorns and insects. I suggest the Attack or Tiburon pants as they are great in the warmer weather. Alpine or Chinook pants with lots of pockets are a great functional piece of clothing.
  • Shorts, some hunters are comfortable wearing shorts for hunting in warm climates which is fine but there can be drawbacks. I usually advise against wearing shorts for hunting due to the abundance of sharp thorns, twigs and nasty grass which can be hard on your legs. A pair of shorts for camp or travel may be good to bring if the weather is hot, but the choice to wear them while hunting is yours. The Tiburon Shorts are a super lightweight and breathable short that’s great for hot weather hunting.
  • Shirts, long sleeved shirts for hunting will protect you from the sun and the bush to some degree.
  • T-shirts
  • A light waterproof, breathable jacket, for wind or rain
  • Underwear
  • Sleepwear
  • Casual clothing for relaxing at camp and traveling
  • Swimsuit if it’s a warm time of the year

Cold Weather Clothing

  • Warm jacket heavy weight fleece
  • Warm wool sweater(s) or mid weight fleece
  • Mid weight long underwear
  • Warm headwear, one that covers your ears can serve a dual purpose
  • Warm gloves


  • Hunting boots, you should bring two pairs of well broken-in hunting boots or one pair of hunting boots and one pair of trail shoes. Your footwear should be comfortable, light weight, preferably leather, darker in color and have the advantage of a quiet sole for stalking or tracking.
  • Extra shoe laces for your hunting boots
  • Casual shoes for relaxing in camp and traveling
  • Sandals, for wearing around camp when the weather is suitable
  • Socks, high quality socks are a good idea and will help minimize the risk of blisters.


  • Gloves, that are functional for hunting, preferably leather and dark in color. Fingerless gloves used for biking or weightlifting are ideally suited for shooting and reloading and at the same time they will protect you hands if crawling through the bush.
  • Headwear, a suitably colored baseball cap and/or wide brimmed safari hat for added sun protection for your neck and ears.
  • Belt(s)
  • Bandana/Neck Gaiter, a great multi-purpose item, sun protection (head or neck), wet it will cool you off, handkerchieve, dust mask, etc.
  • Gaiters, above the ankle to keep your boots and socks free of nuisances such as sand, prickly seeds and sharp grass or to the knee to offer added protection from nuisances, such as bush, sharp weeds, snakes, etc.


  • Hairbrush/comb
  • Toothbrush
  • Toothpaste
  • Dental floss
  • Q-tips
  • Soap
  • Shampoo
  • Razor and blades
  • Shaving cream (Non-aerosol for carry on)
  • Deodorant (Non-aerosol for carry on)
  • Cologne
  • Moisturizing lotion
  • Nail scissors or clippers
  • Tweezers
  • Lip balm with high SPF
  • Sun block with high SPF, We recommend waterproof sunscreen as it lasts longer. Even if sweating. Depending on the area you are hunting, repellant sunblock is an option but unscented is always a good idea.
  • Ziplock bags, useful and versatile. A good way to contain items that may leak in your luggage.

Travel Accessories

  • Flashlight, we suggest Ledlenser, their brilliant design and easy-use functionality insures your every need.
  • Camera, lenses, flash, a second memory stick, charger and/or extra batteries.
  • Video camera, tapes or memory card/stick, charger and/or extra batteries. Ask your PH to take pictures with his own camera too, it’s a great back up
  • Lens cleaning kit
  • Electric converters
  • Plug adapters

Your Prescription Medication and First Aid

Bruce Watson Safaris has a first aid kit and basic medications are available such as aspirin, ibuprofen, anti-diarrhea pills and band aids.

If you bring prescription medication they should be packed in your carry on luggage and you should have enough to last you through your trip. Your medication must be prescribed in your name and be in their original prescription bottles to avoid problems at customs. If you are carrying liquid medication, be sure to place them in a zip lock bag for airport security.

  • Your regular prescription medications
  • Copies of prescriptions for medications that you are carrying
  • Bee allergy shot or Epipen for those with severe allergies

For your personal needs you may wish to consider bringing some of the following:

  • Treatments for jet lag
  • Insect repellent
  • Itch cream with cortisone
  • Antibiotic cream
  • Moleskin or Band Aid blister block or Band Aid cushions
  • Laxative
  • Antacid
  • Eye drops
  • Motion sickness remedies
  • Decongestant
  • Allergy medication

Personal Items

  • Prescription glasses and/or clear shooting glasses. Theese will help protect your eyes, day or night, against sand, thorns and insects.
  • Sunglasses.
  • Contact lenses and solution if preferred. (Glasses are more practical and provide added protection)
  • Earplugs (for hunting, travel or sleeping)
  • Cell phone and/or satellite phone (Most hunting areas/camps have wifi access and/or local network; check with your telephone service provider to see if your phone has the capability to be activated.)
  • Watch
  • Field guide
  • Shot placement guide, or click here for the App.
  • Small notebook and pen to keep journal or take notes
  • List of addresses or pre-printed mailing labels for sending postcards back home
  • Something to read
  • Reminder list of things that you wanted to do or buy